balanced diet
balanced diet

WHAT IS BALANCED DIET ?

A balanced diet is a nutritional which is needs of a person. Humans need a fixed amount of calories and nutrients to stay healthy. A balanced diet provides all the nutrients that a person needs without exceeding the recommended daily caloric intake. Eating well-balanced diets can help people get the nutrients and calories they need and avoid eating junk food or foods without nutritional value.

THE 5 FOOD GROUPS

A healthy balanced diet includes some foods from these five groups:

  • Vegetables
  • Fruits
  • Grains
  • Protein
  • Dairy

VEGETABLES

vegetables

The vegetables group also includes five subgroups:

  • Leafy Greens
  • Red And Orange Vegetables
  • Starchy Vegetables
  • Beans And Peas
  • Other Vegetables

To get enough nutrients and avoid boredom when eating, people should choose a variety of vegetables. People can enjoy raw or cooked vegetables. However, it is important to remember that cooking vegetables will lose some of their nutritional value. Also, some methods, like frying, can add unhealthy fats to a dish.

FRUITS

fruits

A balanced diet also includes lots of fruit. Instead of extracting fruit from juice, nutritionists recommend eating whole fruit. The juice contains less nutrients. Also, the manufacturing process often adds empty calories due to the added sugar. People should opt for fresh or frozen fruits, or fruits in canned water instead of syrup.

GRAINS

grains

Grain formed the base of the nationally recognized food pyramid. Most of a person’s daily caloric intake comes from cereals. However, updated guidelines suggest that grain should only make up a quarter of a person’s plate.

PROTEIN

protein food

Protein is healthy for our body. People should include proteins as a part of their regular diet. This protein should make up a quarter of every person’s plate.

Nutritious protein choices includes:

  • Lean beef
  • Chicken
  • Fish
  • Beans and Peas

DAIRY

dairy

Dairy and soya products are a source of calcium. Low-fat dairy and soya products are includes:

  • Ricotta
  • Cottage cheese
  • Low-fat milk
  • Yogurt
  • Soya milk

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